ЕГЭ 2024

Пробный вариант АЯ2310301 ЕГЭ по английскому языку 2024 с ответами и аудио


Новый тренировочный вариант АЯ2310301 типовой ЕГЭ 2024 по английскому языку 11 класс письменной и устной части заданий для подготовки к экзамену. Задания и ответы с аудио тренировочной работы №3 статград по английскому языку 15 апреля 2024 года.

Вариант письменной части

Вариант устной части

Ответы и аудио

Состоит из четырёх разделов («Аудирование», «Чтение», «Грамматика и лексика», «Письменная речь»), включающих в себя 38 заданий. На выполнение работы отводится 3 часа 10 минут (190 минут). Ответы к заданиям 3–9, 12–18 и 30–36 записываются в виде одной цифры, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Эту цифру запишите в поле ответа в тексте работы.

Пробный вариант письменной части ЕГЭ 2024 английский язык


Ответы к заданиям 1, 2, 10, 11 записываются в виде последовательности цифр. Эту последовательность цифр запишите в поле ответа в тексте работы. Ответы к заданиям 19–29 записываются в виде слова (нескольких слов).

Ответ запишите в поле ответа в тексте работы. Раздел 4 («Письменная речь») состоит из 2 заданий (37 и 38) и представляет собой небольшую письменную работу (написание электронного личного письма и письменного высказывания с элементами рассуждения на основе таблицы/диаграммы). На чистом листе укажите номер задания и запишите ответ к нему.

Раздел 1. Аудирование

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. It’s a hobby for an intellectual.
2. Unfriendly environment didn’t help.
3. It doesn’t make any sense!
4. A patient teacher is the answer.
5. It’s not worth all the effort.
6. It widens your horizons.
7. It doesn’t have to be a human.

2. Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A. The dialogue is taking place after the spring holidays.
B. Cordelia and Fred are talking during their lunch break.
C. This year Cordelia and Fred will NOT have any classes together.
D. Cordelia will take a gap year after school.
E. Fred knows how to drive a car.
F. Cordelia is good at playing golf.
G. Fred comes from a rich family.

3. What do we learn about Dr. Buckley at the beginning of the interview?

1) He has participated in a debate.
2) He has written several books.
3) His article made people argue.

4. When Dr. Buckley says that several of his points «didn’t sit well» with the readers, he means that the readers …

1) did not agree with his ideas.
2) could not understand his ideas.
3) were not attentive while reading.

5. According to Dr. Buckley, food associations that people have with the word «diet»…

1) help them to better understand how «digital dieting» works.
2) make it easier for them to persuade teenagers to use phones less.
3) give them wrong ideas about the meaning of «digital dieting».

6. Dr. Buckley explains the meaning of the Greek root of the word «diet» to show that it…

1) is a medical term.
2) has a broad meaning.
3) means «eating less».

7. According to Dr. Buckley, modern teenagers…

1) are bad at communicating with other people.
2) communicate with people in other countries.
3) communicate with others only on social media.

8. Which of the following did Dr. Buckley NOT mention as a good habit?

1) Going to bed early to get enough sleep.
2) Doing physical activity in the fresh air.
3) Turning off gadgets at a particular time.

9. What is the main idea that we learn from the interview?

1) People should spend as little time looking at screens as possible.
2) Technology is too important for people to limit their time using it.
3) It is possible to use gadgets and not let them have a bad effect on you.

Раздел 2. Чтение

Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний. 1. Growing together with the city 5. A tale of two bridges 2. Mistakes must be corrected 6. Water that saves lives 3. As if flying over the water 7. Marriages made closer to heaven 4. Wonders of human creativity 8. Bridging the gap of ideas.

12. The author of the article mentions common name brands in the first paragraph to…

1) prove a point.
2) give an example.
3) offer an opinion.
4) support the idea.

13. What is the second paragraph mainly about?

1) The results of the research study.
2) The popularity of Apple products.
3) The elements of the Apple logo.
4) The students’ poor drawing skills.

14. What example of «attentional saturation» does the author give in the article?

1) Companies use memorable logos to represent their brands.
2) Business experts believe that brand logos are important.
3) Students couldn’t remember details of a familiar image.
4) Researchers gave students a simple task to complete.

15. The word spot in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to the word …

1) notice.
2) place.
3) ignore.
4) learn.

16. «Gist memory» occurs when the brain…

1) pays attention to specific details.
2) gets acquainted with a new image.
3) connects the image to the product.
4) notices the general shape or idea.

17. According to the last paragraph, people are more likely to buy a product if they …

1) notice a clever logo design and want to try a new product.
2) see a colourful label and want to read the information on it.
3) recognize the logo and think that they know the product well.
4) glance quickly at a brand and are attracted to the packaging.

18. How does the author organize the article?

1) By describing problems of logos and then offering ideas on improving them.
2) By presenting research on logos and then showing how the human brain works.
3) By listing familiar logos and showing their role in advertising campaigns.
4) By comparing common logos and then identifying the most effective ones.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

19. Groundhog Day is a holiday about the change of seasons. It takes place on the _________ of February every year. This is the time when winter is about to end, and spring is coming.

20. A groundhog is an animal similar to a beaver. Groundhogs are some of the __________________ diggers. They live by forests and open fields. They live in underground burrows.

21. Legend has it that when a groundhog comes out of its den on Groundhog Day, it can predict when spring is going to arrive. If on this day the groundhog _________________ its shadow because of the bright sunny weather, the winter will last six more weeks.

22. Ask anyone who has been to the Texas State Fair in Dallas and they’ll tell you what it’s like. One thing you will definitely hear about is Big Tex. He is the giant cowboy made out of metal and plastic who greets people at the front gate. Children and grown-ups _________________ seeing BigTex since 1952.

23. In 1951, the state fair president bought Big Tex. He thought it _________________ nice to have a big cowboy as a symbol of Texas at the fair.

24. So, Big Tex __________ at the entrance. Now, every fall, Big Tex greets visitors to the state fair with a smile, a nod, and a wink.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 25–29, однокоренные слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 25–29.

25. Many people think of the watermelon almost entirely as a dessert, but in some dry places around the world it is an important source of water to the natives. In others, it is a staple food and domestic animal feed. The watermelon belongs to the large gourd family, which includes melons, cucumbers, and squash. Its culture goes back to _________________ times.

26. The ancient Egyptians prized the watermelon, and there are names for it in many of the old languages, including Arabic and Sanskrit. It has been grown _________________ in the warmer parts of Russia and the Middle East for thousands of years.

27. Up until a little over a hundred years ago the watermelon was believed to be native to Asia; then Dr. David Livingstone, the great __________________, found large tracts of wild watermelons growing in Central Africa. Authorities have now established Africa as its place of origin.

28. Early __________________ colonists took watermelon seeds to Brazil, the West Indies, the eastern North American mainland, and the islands of the Pacific.

29. There are many __________________ kinds of watermelons, ranging from very small ones to very large. The colour of the pulp also varies, from pale pink and yellow to deep red.

Раздел 4. Письменная речь

Для ответов на задания 37 и 38 используйте чистый лист. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями или использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 37 и 38 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на чистом листе. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Соблюдайте нормы письменной речи, записывайте ответы аккуратно и разборчиво. Укажите номер задания 37 на чистом листе и напишите текст своего ответного электронного письма зарубежному другу по переписке.

37. You have received an email message from your English-speaking pen-friend Katherine: From: [email protected] To: [email protected] Subject: Baking … My mother’s birthday was last week, and I baked her a cake. Do you like baking and why? What kind of baked goods can you make if any? How often do any of your family members bake? I have started volunteering at an animal shelter… Write a letter to Katherine. In your letter – answer her questions – ask 3 questions about the animal shelter. Write 100–140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Тренировочный вариант устной части


Устная часть работы по английскому языку включает в себя 4 задания. Задание 1 – чтение вслух небольшого текста научно-популярного характера. Время на подготовку – 1,5 минуты. В задании 2 предлагается ознакомиться с рекламным объявлением и задать четыре вопроса на основе ключевых слов. Время на подготовку – 1,5 минуты.

В задании 3 предлагается дать интервью на актуальную тему, развёрнуто ответив на пять вопросов. В задании 4 предлагается проблемная тема для проектной работы и 2 фотографии, выбор которых в качестве иллюстраций надо обосновать, и нужно выразить своё мнение по проблеме проектной работы. Время на подготовку – 2,5 минуты. Общее время ответа одного экзаменуемого (включая время на подготовку) – 17 минут. Каждое последующее задание выдаётся после окончания выполнения предыдущего задания. Всё время ответа ведётся аудио- и видеозапись.

Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Monarch butterflies are found all over the world, from the Americas to Australia and India. However, none of them travel as far as the monarchs of North America. Every autumn, millions of monarchs fly up to 4,800 kilometers from Canada and the United States to Mexico. There, the insects spend the winter in trees in the mountains. In the spring, their offspring travel back north, stopping along the way to eat and reproduce. This yearly migration is one of the most impressive in the animal kingdom, but its future is uncertain. Recently, fewer butterflies have survived their trips. People are killing milkweed plants – monarch’s main source of food – to make room for crops and lawns. Storms are destroying trees where monarchs spend the winter. Fortunately, over the past 60 years, thousands of people have been helping these incredible insects.

Task 2. Study the advertisement. Highway Driving School: Learn to drive with us! You are considering learning to drive at Highway Driving School and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask four direct questions to find out about the following: 1) length of the course 2) tuition fee 3) location 4) availability of the school’s car for the exam You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

Task 3. You are going to give an interview. You have to answer five questions. Give full answers to the questions (2–3 sentences). Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Task 4. Imagine that you and your friend are doing a school project “Going to the Museum”. You have found some photos to illustrate it but for technical reasons you cannot send them now. Leave a voice message to your friend explaining your choice of the photos and sharing some ideas about the project. In 2.5 minutes be ready to: • explain the choice of the illustrations for the project by briefly describing them and noting the differences; • mention the advantages (1-2) of these two ways of visiting museums; • mention the disadvantages (1–2) of these two ways of visiting museums; • express your opinion on the subject of the project – which way of visiting museums you prefer and why. You will speak for not more than 3 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously. Photo 1 Photo 2.

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